TBI is a major public health problem, especially among males ages 15 to 24, and among elderly people of both sexes 75 years and older. Children aged 5 and younger are also at high risk for TBI. Males account for two thirds of childhood and adolescent head trauma patients.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), results from damage to brain tissue caused by an external force. Leading causes of TBI are motor vehicle accidents, acts of violence, falls, sports and recreational injuries, lightening strikes, electric shocks, and blows to the head. TBI can occur without any outward physical evidence of injury or trauma. Examples include, whiplash, and shaken babies.